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Consequences for American tariffs, a new era in Turkey and a controversial vote in Britain. Here’s the latest:
• The trade war hits the U.S.
Harley-Davidson, the American motorcycle manufacturer, says it plans to move some production overseas to avoid tariffs imposed by the E.U. in response to President Trump’s trade policies. When Mr. Trump hosted Harley-Davidson executives at the White House in 2017, above, he called the company a “true American icon.”
The company’s decision shows how the administration’s policies could have unintended consequences. Stocks slipped on growing fears of a global race to erect trade barriers.
Our economics reporter went to Wisconsin, where dairy farmers and cheesemakers are growing anxious. “If export markets get shut off,” one said, “I could see us getting to the point where we’re dumping our milk in the fields.”
• What next for Turkey?
With his re-election and officially expanded powers, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has taken his place among the world’s emerging class of strongman rulers.
Mr. Erdogan, above, now officially commands vast authority over the legislature and the judiciary. Now he must confront an economy weakened by the flight of international investment and domestic capital, an increasingly disgruntled populace and deteriorating relations with Western allies. Here are five key takeaways.
His victory could have grave consequences for NATO cooperation, security in Iraq and Syria, and immigration flows in Europe.
• Hard evidence.
Dozens of people were killed in a chemical attack in Douma, Syria, in April — but to this day, Syrian officials claim it’s all a farce. The Times set out to investigate what happened.
We analyzed more than 60 videos, as well as images broadcast by Russian TV. We also interviewed dozens of witnesses and experts to reconstruct a virtual crime scene, a single building that was hit by a chlorine bomb, above.
The evidence exposes Syrian and Russian lies. Our conclusion: President Bashar al-Assad used a chlorine bomb to attack his own people. Watch our video investigation here.
• British lawmakers approved plans to expand Heathrow Airport near London, but the construction of a third runway at Europe’s busiest airport still faces significant challenges.
Supporters say the expansion would prevent Britain from losing ground to airline hubs in Continental Europe. But critics argue that the plans are synonymous with bulldozed homes, more aircraft noise and poorer air quality for parliamentary constituencies living under congested flight paths. Above, a plane arriving at Heathrow.
One politician likely to suffer from the political fallout: Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, a former London mayor who once threatened to lie down in front of the bulldozers to prevent construction at Heathrow. (He absented himself from the vote by traveling to Afghanistan.)
• China has helped finance at least 35 ports around the world in the past decade — with a steep geopolitical price. We investigated how a web of Chinese debt forced Sri Lanka to hand over a port to China for 99 years, illustrating how Beijing turned an ally’s struggles to its strategic advantage.
• Uber’s appeal of a ban in London, its largest European market, is a major test of changes by the ride-hailing company since the departure of Travis Kalanick.
• What’s the yield curve? It’s a measure of the bond market, and the U.S. one is now perilously close to predicting a recession — something it has done with surprising accuracy.
• The world’s speediest supercomputer belongs to the U.S. But a new list of the swiftest machines shows how much faster China is building them.
• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
In the News
• Javier Solana, above, a Spanish former secretary general of NATO who played a major role in nuclear negotiations with Iran, was denied expedited permission to enter the U.S. because of a visit to Iran in 2013. [The New York Times]
• U.S. border security officials temporarily stopped handing over migrant adults who cross the Mexican border with children to prosecutors, effectively limiting the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” policy. [The New York Times]
• On a trip to the U.S. border with Mexico, our reporter found that migrants have not been deterred by the changes in American policy. [The New York Times]
• The U.S. Supreme Court, which issued rulings this month on a baker who refused to serve a gay couple and on challenges to voting maps, said it would not consider two similar cases. [The New York Times]
• Algeria has abandoned more than 13,000 migrants in the Sahara over the past 14 months, including pregnant women and children, expelling them without food or water and forcing them to walk, sometimes at gunpoint, under a blistering sun. Some don’t survive. [Associated Press]
• A German court sentenced a Syrian migrant who carried out an anti-Semitic attack to four weeks’ detention and required him to visit a museum about the history of anti-Semitism in Germany. [Reuters]
Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.
• The group stage of the World Cup is almost over: All 32 teams have completed their second of three games of group play. We did the math to determine what the teams still in the tournament must do to advance to the next round.
• The conductor Simon Rattle will leave the Berlin Philharmonic after 16 years at the helm and head to the London Symphony Orchestra. Here’s how he transformed one of Europe’s most venerable ensembles into one of the 21st century’s most forward-thinking orchestras.
• Europe’s migratory songbirds can’t fight off diseases as well as African species that stay put. But scientists have found that may be to the European birds’ advantage.
On this day in 1974, the first item marked with a Universal Product Code was scanned at a supermarket in Troy, Ohio.
The rectangular bar code was the result of many decades of invention and collaboration, but it was based on the original, circular design of N. Joseph Woodland. He came up with the idea while sitting on the beach.
As a graduate student at the Drexel Institute of Technology, Mr. Woodland heard from a classmate about a supermarket executive in search of a solution to long checkout lines. Intrigued, they set to work trying to solve the problem. Mr. Woodland eventually moved to his grandparents’ house in Miami Beach to devote himself full time to the endeavor.
There, in a burst of insight, he drew four lines in the sand with his fingers, envisioning a kind of graphical Morse code.
It was a flash of inspiration that Mr. Woodland said “sounds like a fairy tale.”
Though the original patent was sold for a paltry $15,000, Mr. Woodland was awarded the National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 1992 by President George Bush in recognition of his contribution.
Emma McAleavy wrote today’s Back Story.
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